University of Twente Student Theses


Hechting en veerkracht: een systematische review

Nieuwenhuizen, Esther (2015) Hechting en veerkracht: een systematische review.

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Abstract:A substantial proportion of children in youth care is not securely attached. Insecurely attached children are at risk for developmental problems and psychopathology. Resilience refers to positive adaptation in the face of adversity and, given its positive effects, could possibly reduce the harm as a result of insecure attachment. Another possibility is that the development of resilience is dependent on attachment. The purpose of this extensive systematic review of the literature was to investigate the relationship between attachment and resilience by summarising current research in this area. A systematic literature search yielded eleven articles that discuss the relationship between attachment and resilience. These are compared based on different categories, with emphasis on the operationalization of attachment and resilience, the relationship between these constructs and implications for practice. Despite strong heterogeneity in the operationalization of the constructs, the results show that secure attachment is often associated with more resilience. Insecure attachment generally goes along with less resilience, although there are inconsistent results regarding differences between insecure attachment styles. Based on this review, it can be concluded that a secure attachment supports the development of resilience. To a certain extent, resilience seems to be dependent on attachment. Therefore, resilience is mainly approached as an outcome measure in the selection of articles. However, there are also indications that resilience has a positive impact on developmental outcomes in parallel to attachment and that it may limit the possible negative effects of insecure attachment. Although a secure attachment facilitates the development of resilience, insecurely attached children seem to develop resilience through other sources. In addition, resilience can be increased by interventions. Considering its positive effects, it is advocated for a more central role for resilience in research, in which the operationalization of this construct must be accurately described because of its complexity. Keywords: attachment, resilience, children, youth, adolescents, literature review.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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