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Welbevinden: een vergelijking tussen Nederlanders met een psychische stoornis en de algemene bevolking

Queitsch, Kamila (2015) Welbevinden: een vergelijking tussen Nederlanders met een psychische stoornis en de algemene bevolking.

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Abstract:For a long time, the treatment and prevention of psychological complaints was the focus of mental healthcare. Over time, this focus is shifting to well-being. According to the two continua-model, people are only truly mentally healthy when they flourish and do not have any disorders. Mental disease correlates negatively with subjective well-being; they are related to one another, but are independent from each other at the same time. Accordingly, research has shown that all possible combinations of the presence and absence of mental illness and health can occur. Studies on well-being have, for the most part, been conducted using healthy samples. However, when mental health is not solely dependent on the absence of complaints, but especially on the presence of well-being, it is relevant to also do research on well-being among people with psychological complaints. This study will therefore make a comparison between the measure of well-being of a clinical and a general population. Earlier research has shown that the living satisfaction of psychopathological patients appears to be lower, when compared to that of the general population. This leads to the assumption that the well-being of the psychopathological patients in this study will also be lower when compared to that of the general population. The research was done using two groups, a general (n = 1662) and a clinical (n = 74) population. Furthermore, the clinical population is subdivided into four groups, namely: patients with an anxiety disorder (n = 19), personality disorder (n = 16), developmental disorder (n = 14), and patients with a mood disorder (n = 25). The data has been collected through the use of the Metal Health Continuum-Short Form and demographical information questionnaires taken at the GGZ-institution GGNet among psychological patients who have recently started receiving treatment. The data was subsequently analyzed in SPSS. The clinical population scored significantly lower than the general population on all domains of well-being. This suggests that well-being and psychological illness are related. Remarkable, however, is that among both the general and the clinical populations, all levels of well-being are present, which would indicate the two continua-model; regardless of the presence of a psychological illness, there might very well be a high level of well-being. The data does show that the presence of a psychological disorder increases the chance of lower levels of well-being. The patients with an anxiety disorder scored highest with regard to wellbeing, followed by those with a personality disorder, after which came those with developmental disorders, and the patients with mood disorders scored lowest.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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