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The effect of summaries in instructional videos on performance and learning

Voerman, T.E. (2015) The effect of summaries in instructional videos on performance and learning.

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Abstract:The present study focuses on the integration of summaries in video tutorials (hence “videos”) in order to find out the extent to which this enhances performance and learning. Little empirical research about these summaries in videos exists. Therefore, adjacent domains, such as summaries in text, are examined. The underlying rationale is that summaries in text support and enhance cognitive processes such as rehearsal, recall and retention and therefore enhance performance and learning. The limited number of studies done on summaries in videos suggests that this effect of summaries in text is also present in summaries in videos. In the present study, 65 participants of grade 5 and 6, divided into three conditions, got to see nine videos on lay-out tasks in Word 2010, followed by practice. The Control condition got to see the first two parts of a video, the preview and the demonstration. The Summary condition did this as well, but also got to see summaries directly after the demonstration. The Demo Twice condition got to see the preview and then the demonstration part twice. The videos used in the present study have improved the performance and learning of the participants substantially. Contrary to literature, no difference on performance and learning between conditions was found. This may be due to the construction of the experiment and accompanying videos used in the present study.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science BSc (56613)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/68857
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