Green light for a better environment : reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission with ITS in Japan and The Netherlands

Man, W.Y. (2009) Green light for a better environment : reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission with ITS in Japan and The Netherlands.

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Abstract:Traffic is one of the biggest contributions to global warming. Environmental changes are caused by greenhouse gas emission and energy consumption. To improve environment, several measures have been taken to reduce car use and emission, such as increasing tax rates and the promotion of public transport. A new development in the car industry is in‐car Green Intelligent Transport Systems (Green ITS), systems which have the objective to improve environment by encouraging the driver to change into fuel efficient behavior. The objective of this research is to propose a design of an in‐car system in Green ITS for drivers in Japan and The Netherlands to improve the environment. To measure the opinion on Green ITS of Japanese and Dutch drivers, a web survey has been deployed. The purpose of this survey was to find out the following aspects • Type of preferred information to motivate the change into fuel efficient behavior • Influence of personal characteristics on the type of preferred information • Attitude towards Green ITS The results of this survey show that Japanese and Dutch drivers will be most motivated to change their driving behavior by the fact of knowing how much money they would save with fuel efficient driving behavior. The second most preferred information is about fuel consumption. Even though the objective of Green ITS is to improve environment, information about CO2 emission and contribution to the environment is least preferred by drivers. According to the results personal character, experience with ITS and attitude towards environment don’t have influence on the preference of information, but correlation has been found in the driving style of the respondents. Although, the majority of respondents chose money related information as their greatest motivation, drivers with frequent car use and high mileage are more aware of their impact on environment and as a result also prefer information about their contribution to the environment. The information provided by Green ITS was positively received by drivers from both countries. The majority of the drivers stated that the information is highly relevant to motivate them in changing to fuel efficient behavior. This positive attitude towards Green ITS means that drivers are willing to use these systems and as a result improvement of environment will be achieved. Based on the results of the survey and knowledge of current Green ITS, a design of in‐car Green ITS is proposed. Next to the desires of the drivers, this system is based on the demands of impact on the environment, safety, level of support and comfort. The proposed in‐car system consists of an onboard screen which is suitable and implementable in every vehicle. During trips, the system will collect data of driving behavior and compare these results with fuel efficient behavior. Based on this comparison the driver will receive information of personal advice to develop fuel efficient behavior. After the trip, trends of driving behavior will be shown and the driver will see his progress. Next to information about driving behavior, other factors of motivation will be provided by the system. These triggers are indications of fuel consumption, expenses of the trips and impact on environment.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:56 civil engineering
Programme:Civil Engineering BSc (56952)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/68912
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