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Verklaringen voor middelengebruik : Hoe impliciete als ook expliciete Compensatory Health Beliefs, zelfregulatie en stress gerelateerd zijn aan middelengebruik bij studenten

Riedel, Leonie (2016) Verklaringen voor middelengebruik : Hoe impliciete als ook expliciete Compensatory Health Beliefs, zelfregulatie en stress gerelateerd zijn aan middelengebruik bij studenten.

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Abstract:Compensatory Health Beliefs (CHBs) are beliefs that the negative consequences of unhealthy behaviors such as smoking and drinking can be compensated with healthy behaviors like physical exercising. Some research shows that substance use-related CHBs (SU-CHBs) are related to substance use like alcohol consumption and smoking. A common used questionnaire is used to indicate the explicit CHBs. Since a relation of implicit cognitions with health behavior has been found, this study also made use of implicit measurements. Research shows that self-regulation and stress are connected with the substance use. So it is possible that self-regulation and/or stress might have a moderating effect on the relation between SU-CHBs and substance use. The aim of this study was to find out if there is a relation of implicit and explicit SU-CHBs to substance-use and also to observe if self-regulation and/or stress moderate this relation. These connections were tested by using an online survey containing the explicit CHB scale, two Single Target-Implicit Association Tests, a self-regulation scale, the Perceived Stress Scale and a questionnaire about substance-usage. Between 27 October and 11 November 2015, a representative sample of 100 students with an average age of 22 years participated in this study. The findings showed that the relation between the constructs differ among gender. Explicit SU-CHBs and implicit smoking related CHBs were only significantly correlated among men (r = .36). For the male participants was also a relation between explicit SU-CHBs and weekly cigarette consumption (r = .40), weekly alcohol consumption (r = .42) and binge drinking (r = .50). The study did not find that self-regulation and stress moderate the relation between explicit MG-CHBs and substance-use. It can be concluded that there is a difference between men and women regarding substance-usage and the use of explicit SU-CHBs. Further research should focus on gender difference and on implicit measurements of CHBs especially the predictive value of implicit measurements. Keywords: Compensatory Health Beliefs, implicit and explicit cognitions, substance use, self-regulation, stress
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69075
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