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De relatie tussen impliciete theorieën over intelligentie, zelf-effectiviteit en intentie tot bèta-studiekeuze. De verschillen tussen jongens en meisjes met een bèta-profiel.

Vissers, K.J.D. (2016) De relatie tussen impliciete theorieën over intelligentie, zelf-effectiviteit en intentie tot bèta-studiekeuze. De verschillen tussen jongens en meisjes met een bèta-profiel.

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Abstract:Goal. This study investigated the relationship between implicit theories, self-efficacy and (intention to) STEM choice within a group of high school students. Also, significant gender differences were investigated in mindset and self-efficacy. Method. The research was conducted by means of an online questionnaire within a group of students (n=222, age = 16) from six Dutch high schools. Mindset was measured within three contexts (general intelligence, STEM context and non-STEM context). Regression analysis was used to analyze the relationships between the three mindsets and STEM career choice intention, and to determine whether self-efficacy meditates the relationships. Non-parametric tests were used to investigate signficant mean differences in gender. Results. General mindset and STEM mindset showed a significant effect on STEM career choice intention, although the explained variances wasn’t higher than 7%. Self-efficacy was a strong predictor of STEM choice intention. Self-efficacy mediated the relationship with STEM mindset completely, and was a partial mediator of the relationship with general mindset. The Mann-Whitney test showed significant mean differences between boys and girls for all subscales except for the non-STEM scale. As expected, girls showed lower scores for mindset, self-efficacy and STEM choice intention than boys. Conclusion. Significant relationships have been found between mindset, self-efficacy and STEM choice intention. Self-efficacy functioned as a partial or full mediator, depending on the context of mindset. Mean differences between boys and girls for STEM and general mindset, as well as self-efficacy were significant. This research shows that it’s important to investigate mindset more and find out what role it can play in stimulating STEM choice.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69082
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