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Working in a stigmatized environment : motivation, work meaning, and interactions among special education school teachers in Indonesia

Damayanti, Acniah (2016) Working in a stigmatized environment : motivation, work meaning, and interactions among special education school teachers in Indonesia.

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Abstract:This research aimed to investigate how motivation relates to work meaning and how interactions with others influence the relationship between motivation and work meaning among special education teachers. This research used a qualitative method by conducting semi-structured interviews with 20 special education teachers in Indonesia. Using the framework of Self Determination Theory (SDT), it was found that intrinsic motivation and work meaning serve as pathway to each other through the fulfilment of three basic psychological needs for autonomy (career aspiration fulfilment and congruency with personal values and beliefs), competence (answering the challenge of the job, the need for personal and professional development, actualizing potentials and interests, and contributing to the greater good), and relatedness (belonging to a community). The absence of one or more needs fulfilment is compensated by the presence of other need(s) fulfilment. Motivation and work meaning were found to be potentially supported and discouraged by negative stigmas in the society, which were derived from interactions with others outside of work. The potential harm of negative stigmas was compensated by interactions with others at work which support the needs for autonomy (flexibility encouragement), competence ((dis)confirmation of competence, availability of learning environment, and cooperative culture at work), and relatedness (role model and compassionate communication). Furthermore, this study also proposes some recommendations for future research. Keywords: Motivation, work meaning, interactions, self-determination theory, special education teachers
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
University of Twente, Netherlands
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Communication Studies MSc (60713)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69437
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