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Simulation of an Emergency Situation for the Purpose of Evaluating a Crowd-Based Rescue System

Polst, S.E. (2016) Simulation of an Emergency Situation for the Purpose of Evaluating a Crowd-Based Rescue System.

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Abstract:In the context of the RESCUER Project, the need for a simulation of an emergency arose that is suitable to evaluate the RESCUER App, a crowd-based rescue system. Therefore, a simulation was created that takes the use context of a crowd-based rescue system into consideration and that induces stress. Stressors were selected based on their suitability for the simulation. Cognitive, acoustic, and emotional stressors were selected as well as a feeling of uncontrollability and unpredictability were created. Additionally, assistants and confederates were included to evoke stress. The simulation was tested with the RESCUER App. The stress manipulation was evaluated by analysing saliva cortisol and subjective ratings. The results revealed that the simulation was successful for the experimental group, even though the cortisol measures did not show a stress reaction. The control group indicated through subjective ratings more stress than expected. However, those ratings were in conflict with other results, hence the ratings were probably due to a testing effect. Therefore, the simulation for the control group has to be improved. Future research should address whether the simulation is also suitable to evaluate a crowd-based rescue system from the perspective of first responders.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69552
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