A longitudinal research aimed at investigating the role of coping styles in the process of change in schema modes

Ata, Yasemin (2016) A longitudinal research aimed at investigating the role of coping styles in the process of change in schema modes.

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Abstract:Objective: Literature shows that dysfunctional modes decrease over the course of Schema therapy (ST) (Timmerman, 2014). To our best knowledge no research has been conducted to investigate the role of maladaptive coping styles in the process of change in schema modes. This study makes an attempt to investigate whether modifications in maladaptive coping styles are related to modifications in (dys) functional schema modes in clients with personality disorders (PD) over the course of Schema therapy. Method: The participants are clients who were treated for their PDs at the clinical facility “de Wieke” in Hengelo, the Netherlands. The Young Schema Mode Inventory (SMI), the Young-Rygh Avoidance Inventory (YRAI) and the Young Compensation Inventory (YCI) were administered to measure the prevalence of (dys) functional schema modes and dysfunctional coping styles. Participants were asked to fill in the SMI, YCI and YRAI at four points in time: pre-, mid-, post-treatment and at the follow up-period six months after the treatment. Univariate analyses of variance, correlational analyses and a logistic regression analysis were carried out in order to explore the data of participants who filled in all four measurements. Results: The dysfunctional coping styles as well as dysfunctional schema modes showed significant differences at the second half of the treatment, from pre-treatment to post-treatment and pre-treatment to follow-up. Findings also showed that avoidance strategies have a predictive value on the positive modification of functional modes. Discussion/Conclusion: ST in a clinical group setting shows promising results regarding the decrease of dysfunctional coping styles and dysfunctional schema modes as well as the increase of functional modes. The decrease of dysfunctional coping styles, especially avoidance styles, seems to be related to decreases in dysfunctional schema modes as well as increases in functional schema modes. This indicates that interventions aimed at containing or preventing avoidance strategies requires more attention in ST.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
Mediant, Hengelo, Netherlands
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69570
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