University of Twente Student Theses


Upward spirals’ in a daily setting and the influences of resilience

Bradtke, A.I. (2016) Upward spirals’ in a daily setting and the influences of resilience.

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Abstract:The ‘Broaden – and – Build Theory’ of Fredrickson is investigated in this study. This theory suggests that cognition and behavior of people is broadened through the experience of positive emotions. This consciousness and behavior leads in turn to positive emotions in what can be called an ‘upward spiral’. To be able to integrate this spiral in the practical setting, it’s necessary to get to know specific work mechanisms. Aim of this study was to find out whether these ‘upward spirals’ also are possible on a micro level. In addition to this primary goal it was examined if resilience plays a role in the development of the ‘upwards spiral’. Participants take part in a survey in this study. They filled in the mDES and RS. Participants were furthermore asked to do different tasks of the Guilford’s Alternative Uses Task. Between these tasks it was attempted to manipulative evoke positive emotions in participants. Results indicate that there is no development of an ‘upward spiral’ on a micro- level. Data show that cognition does not broaden through positive emotions on a micro-level. In addition the factor resilience has also no influence. Reasons why the expectations of this study are not reached are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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