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Opwaartse spiralen en welbevinden : onderzoek naar de mobiele applicatie Momentum - the Journey

Dilibüyük, F. (2016) Opwaartse spiralen en welbevinden : onderzoek naar de mobiele applicatie Momentum - the Journey.

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Abstract:Introduction: The broaden-and-build theory of Fredrickson (2001) suggests that positive emotions broaden the attention, ideas and actions and build the physical, cognitive and social resources. These effect leads to the experience of other positive emotions causing upward spirals that improve the well-being of individuals (Fredrickson, 2001). In this study the broaden-and-build theory will be studied in the daily life of individuals. The focus in this study is on the positive experiences. In the literature are few studies available about this theory and upward spirals in combination with the focus on experiences in the own life of individuals. This study contributes on an easy way of improving the well-being. An app based on the broaden-and-build theory will be used to focus on positive emotions. The app is used, because the use of mobile health applications is worldwide growing through smartphones. An app is a good integrated piece of the life, which will be used in this study. The app will also be studied on persuasiveness under the participants to study in which extent it contributes to the reinforcement, change or shaping of the focus on positive emotions. Method: In total 53 participants completed the study with an average age of 21 years (SD=2,488). Participants used an intervention, the app Momentum – the Journey, for four weeks that focused on positive experiences. Beforehand a questionnaire was conducted about the well-being (MHC-SF) and positive and negative affect (PANAS). After the use of the app a second questionnaire was conducted about the well-being (MHC-SF), positive and negative affect (PANAS) and the perceived persuasiveness (PPQ). Results: It appears there is no difference between the well-being, positive emotions and negative emotions before and after using the app. This suggests there is no evidence found for the broaden-and-build theory and upward spirals. In addition, the persuasiveness was high rated on the construct perceive effort and low rated on the construct dialogue support and use continuance by the participants. The remaining constructs were average rated. This suggests that there is not enough evidence for the persuasiveness of the app on the different constructs. Conclusion: The broaden-effect, build-effect and upward spirals did not occur in this study. Because the use of the app did not lead to the advance of positive emotions. The broaden-and-build theory of Fredrickson (2001) is not supported in this study. Using the app is effortless (perceived effort), but the app appears not to encourage (dialogue support). As a result, the participants are less prepared to use the app (use continuance). Further study with an app that also focuses on the causal explanation of positive emotions such as the ‘three good things’ with a persuasive system design is needed to explore the relation of the broaden-and-build theory and upward spirals in the daily life.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69632
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