Stories of survival : a narrative analysis of addicts´ life stories

Becker, Laura (2016) Stories of survival : a narrative analysis of addicts´ life stories.

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Abstract:Abstract Aim: The aim of this study is to gain a deep and sophisticated understanding of how a cultur-ally diverse group of in-clinic addicts make sense of themselves and their lives. Method: The method of this study is based on the narrative analysis by Murray and Sools (2014), which consist of three levels. The first level is the story structure, the second level is the interactional analysis which refers to the group therapy setting and the third level refers to the context. This analysis was conducted with three clients of the rehab. The first participant was Tom from Australia, the second was Michael from Alaska and the third client was Harkan from the Oman. Results: The narrative analysis on the three levels provides information on every participant in a personalized and nuanced way and frames this in their cultural contexts. On the first level, the narrative categories by Hänninen, Koski-Jännes (2009) and Frank (1989) were used to apply these on the three stories. The analysis revealed that there are similarities and differences between the narrative categories and the participant´s stories, which revealed a nuanced knowledge about the phase of their addiction as well as about the reasons for the addiction. The results of the interactional analysis of the three life stories are that the therapy setting, and the fact that the life stories are presented in front of an international group of clients, can have an effect on the way of meaning making. The way of meaning-making differs in respect to the participant’s individual stage of recovery. In the contextual analysis underlying cultural fac-tors have been considered. These factors are useful for the researcher as well as for the thera-pist in order to understand with what kind of values and family structures the patient grew up. Conclusion: It can be concluded that with this kind of narrative analysis researchers, as well as therapist can reveal information about the participant, which are nuanced and personalized. This can help the therapist to personalize the treatment of the client.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69886
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