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The changes in and impact of social support on COPD patients who participated in the REDUQ study and their readiness-to-quit smoking

Möller, Jonas (2016) The changes in and impact of social support on COPD patients who participated in the REDUQ study and their readiness-to-quit smoking.

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Abstract:Introduction. Smoking cessation has shown to be the most effective treatment for COPD, slowing down the progress in the decline of the lung function. Therefore, smoking cessation programs have been developed to aid COPD patients with to stop or reduce smoking. The REDUQ study was an intervention that aimed to help Dutch, smoking COPD patients to reduce their smoking behavior. A successful reduction was hoped to motivate the participants to make a quit attempt. However, the REDUQ study showed no significant improvement of smoking reduction over an eighteen month span between the intervention and the control group. Therefore, interest has grown to examine the cognitive and behavioral processes that potentially aid or hinder smoking cessation among the target group. The main focus of this paper are the questions whether social support changed significantly among the participants during the REDUQ intervention and whether social support predicts readiness-to-quit over time. Methods. A 26 week SCED study was introduced before and during the active reduction phase of the REDUQ (II) study. Telephone questionnaires were obtained weekly. For each of the four participants included, multiple linear regression analyses were applied while controlling for autocorrelation. Results. Social support did not change significantly over time in three participants but showed a weak but significant decline for one participant in the control group. Furthermore, it was not indicated that there is a different pattern in the change of social support among participants in the intervention group and those in the control group. Social support did not predict readiness-to-quit significantly for any participant. Moreover, autocorrelation was shown to have a strong, significant impact on social support as well as readiness-to-quit. Discussion. Taken together the results indicated that social support does not change significantly during the course of the REDUQ study. Furthermore, social support does not influence the change of readiness-to-quit significantly among the participants. These findings are in contrast to previous research. They also contradict the ASE – model which claims that social support is a significant predictor for smoking cessation. Future research should examine various sub-variables of social support and their correlation to smoking cessation.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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