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Positive emotions in daily life, measured by means of an experience sampling application : assessing the validity of the I-PANAS-SF

Meimann, A.M. (2016) Positive emotions in daily life, measured by means of an experience sampling application : assessing the validity of the I-PANAS-SF.

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Abstract:In this thesis a psychometric study was conducted, that aimed to measure the extent to which the short form of the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (I-PANAS-SF) measures the experience of positive emotions in the daily life by means of an experience sampling application in a reliable and valid way. Background. The Broaden-and-Build theory of positive emotions (Fredrickson, 2001) states, that positive emotions strengthen personal growth and mental health. According to Csikszentmihalyi and Larson (2014) the experience sampling method (ESM) is appropriate to measure subjective states as positive emotions and psychological well-being. Reasoned by the assessment of the conducted scales via the ESM application in this study, the reliability and the validity of the scales needed to be examined. Method. At first, the participants (N=31) had to fill in a retrospective baseline questionnaire, which consisted of the extended form of the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS-X) and the short form of the Mental Health Scale (MHC-SF) to get comparative values. Aside from the baseline measurement, data was gathered four times a day for 7 consecutive days via a mobile experience sampling application called UT Survey. The participants had to fill in the short form of the Positive Affect subscale of the PANAS (I-PANAS-SF), the subscale of psychological well-being of the MHC-SF and a mood map. Results. The correlational analyses (Pearson correlation) showed that the I-PANAS-SF correlated moderate with the PANAS-X and the mood map in total. The correlation between the I-PANAS-SF and the MHC-SF was found to be high overall. Measuring the construct of positive emotions via the mood map furthermore displayed fluctuating mean scores over as well the seven days as within the single days. Conclusion. This study confirmed that the I-PANAS-SF is a reliable and valid scale to measure the construct of positive emotions in daily life by means of the experience sampling method. Additionally, the constructs of positive emotions and psychological well-being have shown to be highly connected. Furthermore, the UT Survey application has proven to be an appropriate method to display occurring fluctuations in the experience of positive emotions during a week and within a day.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69960
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