Perspective taking through reading : Does Perspective Taking influence our thinking and behavior?

Ellerkamp, S. (2016) Perspective taking through reading : Does Perspective Taking influence our thinking and behavior?

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Abstract:The goal of the current research is to investigate the relationship between perspective taking, empathy, pro-social behavior and acceptance of anti-social behavior. Perspective taking facilitates the intention to feel empathy of others. A feeling of empathy leads to an increased intention to help. Reading plays an important role in the creation of perspective taking and empathy. The following experiment was constructed to investigate if perspective taking through reading influences our thinking and behavior. Participants were divided into two different groups, a perspective condition group and an information condition group. A survey was created whereby participants are asked to read a text. After reading; perspective taking, empathy, pro-social behavior and acceptance of anti-social behavior were measured. The two conditions differ in the instruction, how to read the text. The perspective condition group was asked to try to take the perspective of the people in the text. The information condition group was asked to remember information of the text. It was hypothesized, that people in the perspective condition show more empathy, perspective taking and pro-social behavior compared group the information group. The manipulation check showed that the manipulation was not successful, but the results showed nevertheless a nearly significant difference between the groups in connection with blood donation. The mean value of blood donation in the perspective group was higher than in the information group. Although most of the hypotheses were not confirmed, the experiment pointed out the importance of perspective through reading and its influences and it created a basis for further research.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/70100
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