University of Twente Student Theses


Bio-energy villages in Germany : a comparison of decentralized, rural energy systems

Eichler, M.E. (2016) Bio-energy villages in Germany : a comparison of decentralized, rural energy systems.

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Abstract:The liberalization of the energy market and the effort of the German government to trigger an “Energiewende” (energy transition) led to the development of modern decentralized energy systems in rural areas, called bio-energy villages. The following bachelor thesis was conducted to present differences and similarities of economic, institutional and technological characteristics between existing bio-energy villages in Germany and develop typologies for existing projects. Qualitative data was collected in a cross-sectional design through semi-structured interviews and complemented by pre-existing data from appropriate online sources. As the total number of 121 bio-energy villages in Germany exceeded the limit of examinable cases within the given time-frame, a step-wise case selection was conducted, ensuring a high variability between the cases. During the assessment and analysis of these cases, a high variation between most aspects could be observed. As a fixed component the implementation of biogas plants, combined with a cogeneration plants and adhering heating networks was pointed out. Further, this thesis provides an institutionally and technology oriented classification of bio-energy villages, based on production technologies and organisational structures. According to these two dimensions five classifications were developed: the agriculture model, the cooperative model, the basic institutional hybrid model, the diverse institutional hybrid model and the capital company model.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general, 88 social and public administration
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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