University of Twente Student Theses


The validity of the Forms of Self-Critizising/ Attacking & Self-reassuring Scale in comparison to the Self-compassion Scale

Fritzsche, M.F. (2016) The validity of the Forms of Self-Critizising/ Attacking & Self-reassuring Scale in comparison to the Self-compassion Scale.

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Abstract:The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between self-criticism and self-compassion and their predictive value for well-being and psychopathology. To measure the constructs of interest, the Forms of Self-Criticizing/ Attacking & Self-reassuring Scale (FSCRS) and the Self-compassion Scale-Short form (SCS-SF) were used. It was hypothesized that self-criticism and self-compassion are strongly related but that their relation to other variables such as positive affect, stress, anxiety, depression, well-being, gender and age were different in strength and pattern. For the analysis, data of an online cross-sectional survey conducted by the University of Twente was used. The convenience sample consisted of 397 subjects, of whom 329 were included in the analysis. Besides the FSCRS and the SCS-SF, data was collected on other variables with the modified Differential Emotions Scale (mDES), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Mental Health Continuum- Short form (MHC-SF). Analysis included correlations, t-test for independent samples and a stepwise hierarchical regression analysis. Besides the mDES, the internal consistency was good for the investigated constructs and variables.As expected a significant and strong correlation was found between the FSCRS and SCS-SF. In addition, the SCS-SF tended to relate stronger with positive variables, whereas the FSCRS related stronger with negative variables. Concerning the subscale correlations, high ranges were observed between the subscales reassured self/ inadequate self from the FSCRS and the subscales over-identification/ mindfulness from the SCS-SF. Concerning the incremental validity, subscales of the FSCRS and the SCS-SF explain the most unique variance, whereas the SCS-SF is the strongest predictor for well-being. With regards to psychopathology the SCS-SF could not explain unique variance beyond the FSCRS. This study suggests that self-criticism and self-compassion are similar but unique constructs.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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