Behavioral interactions between leaders and followers: The effectiveness of transactional and transformational leadership behavior through the lens of lag sequential analysis

Drogulski, H. (2016) Behavioral interactions between leaders and followers: The effectiveness of transactional and transformational leadership behavior through the lens of lag sequential analysis.

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Abstract:Leadership research scholars have called to spend more attention on the topic of followership in the leadership equation. This study included the role of followers, while also contributing to conventional leadership research. The effectiveness of transformational and transactional leadership was studied based on dominance complementarity theory and value congruence theory. The followers were included by analyzing behavioral interactions between followers and their leader instead of relying on survey data. Team meetings were filmed and the behaviors from the leaders and the followers were minutely coded based on a codebook containing 17 mutually exclusive behaviors. The sample size consisted of 75 teams (75 leaders and 917 followers). Survey data provided the team effectiveness ratings, data for the control variables and in order to control for obtrusiveness of the cameras. The data showed that transformational leadership had a significant positive correlation with team effectiveness, while transactional leadership did not. We conducted the interaction pattern analyses based on lag sequential data. These outcomes could not support dominance complementarity or value congruence. The findings showed that teams were more effective when the leaders responded with a transformational behavior to both transactional and transformational behavior by the follower. Responding with a transactional behavior did not lead to higher levels of team effectiveness. Further implications of these outcomes are explained in the discussion section of this paper.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:Business Administration MSc (60644)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/70561
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