University of Twente Student Theses


Een systematische review van bestaande positieve psychologische apps gericht op zelfcompassie en/of compassie

Nillesen, J.M.C.C. (2016) Een systematische review van bestaande positieve psychologische apps gericht op zelfcompassie en/of compassie.

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Abstract:Background: Self-compassion consists out of three elements: mindfulness, common humanity and kindness. Having compassion for oneself is really no different than having compassion for others. Exercises focused on selfcompassion and/or compassion, are increasingly offered online as eMental health apps. However, there is no view on the quality of these apps, it is unclear whether the apps actually promote self-compassion and/or compassion. Objective: This study aimed to explore the availability and quality of current positive psychology apps providing self-compassion and/or compassion. Quality was assessed through scientific evidence, usability and persuasive technology. Methods: A systematic review framework was applied to the search and assessment of apps available in the Apple App store. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, there are nine apps included in the evaluation. This evaluation is done based on a decision-tree for scientific evidence, the System Usability Scale and the Persuasive System Design model. Results: Three out of nine apps refer directly to scientifc evidence, 3/9 refer to a scientific support. The remaining 3/9 did not point out or refer to any scientific study. In addition, 3/9 are user-friendly, 3/9 apps are less user-friendly and the remaining 3/9 apps are not user-friendly at all. Finally, there is a partial use of persuasive technology. On average, 8.44 times persuasive elements are plied. Primary Task Support is most commonly used, subsequent System Credibility Support and Dialogue Support. Principles of the Social Support is used the least. Conclusion: The first steps were taken to evaluate the quality of apps focused on self-compassion and/or compassion. This study concludes that the quality of apps, focused on self-compassion and/or compassion, were limited when it came to the level of scientific evidence, usability and persuasive technology. It is recommended to give users more insight in the quality and availability of these apps. For example, this can be achieved by having researchers and other professionals (such as clinical psychologists), review the apps on the website. Furthermore, the advice is to also implement the other two elements of selfcompassion – common humanity and kindness – in the apps. For further research offers de Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS) a new opportunity to measure the subjective and objective quality of health apps. Keywords: Positive psychology, wellbeing, self-compassion and compassion eMental health, systematic review.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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