University of Twente Student Theses


Knowledge representation and adaptive expertise

Drees, Matthias (2016) Knowledge representation and adaptive expertise.

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Abstract:The concept of adaptive expertise seems promising in enriching educational programs and helping students to apply their knowledge to different fields. However, the concept is not well understood, yet. This study attempts to investigate whether abstract knowledge representation is an aspect of adaptive expertise by conducting a card sorting study. The card sorting of two study programs, technical medicine and medicine, were compared in two cases, prostate cancer and tungiasis. The main quantitative results show that technical medicine students show more abstractive knowledge. The explanatory power of this study is limited to students, rather than true experts. Additionally, the explanatory power of the quantitative results is difficult to estimate, since it is not possible to determine whether differences result from perspectives of the two groups. In conclusion, this study indicates that further research of the role of abstract knowledge representation in adaptive expertise is promising. Future studies should investigate individual differences instead of group comparisons.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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