Reminiscence Boxes for elderly with dementia. A study on the implementation of reminiscence boxes and their effects on depressive symptoms and quality of life of elderly with dementia.

Benkhoff, T. (2016) Reminiscence Boxes for elderly with dementia. A study on the implementation of reminiscence boxes and their effects on depressive symptoms and quality of life of elderly with dementia.

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Abstract:In dementia, often symptoms of cognitive decline occur together with psychiatric symptoms like depression and a decline in quality of life. It is expected that reminiscence therapy has positive effects on the well-being of elderly suffering from dementia. One intervention using reminiscence is the use of reminiscence boxes containing nostalgic objects that are able to stimulate reminiscence in elderly with dementia. First goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the reminiscence boxes. The present study is a preliminary study investigating the effectiveness of the intervention after 4 weeks. After week 4, a lot of the data was not yet available. Second goal was to investigate the factors that facilitate or hinder the implementation process. For the present research, a mixed-method design was used. Elderly diagnosed with dementia were assigned randomly to either the control group or the experimental group. The experimental group participated in 8 weekly sessions with the reminiscence boxes. The control group received usual care. In both groups, observational scales were filled in by health professionals: The Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, and the Qualidem, measuring quality of life. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with relevant stakeholders to investigate their opinion on the implementation process of the reminiscence boxes. The study showed that stakeholders were generally positive about the use of reminiscence boxes for elderly with dementia. However, positive results on depression and quality of life could not yet be demonstrated. Suggestions that were formulated based on the results from the present research can be used to improve the intervention and its implementation. Future research including the complete dataset is needed to examine the effectiveness of the reminiscence boxes.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/71251
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