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Predict to prevent: How to improve workplace safety?

Tigelaar, Jellien (2016) Predict to prevent: How to improve workplace safety?

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Abstract:Aim of the study: Workplace accidents, injuries and illnesses continue to be a significant problem in organizations. To manage safety perfomance in a proactive way, there is a need to know which factors influence workplace safety - and to which extent. therefore, this study has developed and evaluated a model of safety performance behavior. Method: A questionnaire was conducted among permanent and temporary employees of a major manufacturer of infant formula. A total of 160 employees participated in this study. To test the hypotheses, multiple linear regression analyses were performed to examine the influence of the moderators. Independent-samples t-tests and ANOVA's were conducted to compare scores between different groups. Results: Safety knowledge, safety motivation and safety leadershipp were found to have a significant impact on safety performance behavior and safety compliance. Safety knowledge and safety motivation were found to have a significant influence on safety participation. No significant moderating variables were found. No significant differences were found between the scores from temporary workers and permanent employees on safety performance behavior, safety compliance and safaety participation. However, the quantity of safety training was significantly lower assessed by temporary workers than by permanent employees. Conclusion and discussion: the findings of this study have important implications for practitioners. The study shows that the factors knowledge of safety, motivation for safety and safety leadership are most relevant for creating optimal safety behavior. It is recommended that managers should think about participatin as well as compliance. This study suggests it is important that employees realize that working safely really does help to reduce the number of accidents. Lastly, the limitations of this study are addressed and future study directions are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Communication Studies MSc (60713)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/71314
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