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Arousing memory: Memories obtained from virtual reality are as correctly recalled as memories obtained from conventional two-dimensional screens �

Spreeuwers, Nadia E. (2016) Arousing memory: Memories obtained from virtual reality are as correctly recalled as memories obtained from conventional two-dimensional screens �.

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Abstract:The current study examined if there is a difference between remembering facts that are obtained from watching a crime in a virtual reality environment versus watching a crime on a conventional two-dimensional computer screen. Furthermore, it was examined if the eye-closure technique improves the retrieving of facts. The 123 participants were divided into several conditions were a distinction was made in the type of screen (virtual reality head-mounted display vs. conventional two-dimensional screen) and eye-closure vs. non eye-closure. The participants were eyewitnesses of a crime and were interviewed using the Cognitive Interview. Unlike expected, no significant results were found for remembering facts (number of hits) and type of screen. There were also no significant results found for the improving of remembering facts (number of hits) and eye-closure. Although, a significant result was found with the exploratory analysis were a regression analysis was conducted. The regression showed that when participants had a higher level of arousal at the time of encoding (part one), the participants made more false alarms. Finally, it was discussed that the resolution of the screen of the virtual reality head-mounted display was low and the size of the head-mounted display was smaller than the screen of the computer. Besides, the differences in weather and temperature could have caused an error in the data collection with the Empatica E4. Overall, this research is, due to the implications, strengths and limitations, a first important step into the research of virtual reality.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/71405
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