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A comparative study of prototypical images of (effective) leaders and followers vs. video-based behaviors

Velema, S.S. (2016) A comparative study of prototypical images of (effective) leaders and followers vs. video-based behaviors.

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Abstract:The goal of this present study was to identify implicit leadership theories (ILTs) and implicit followership theories (IFTs), and to subsequently compare them with actual effective behaviors of both leaders and followers. To reach this goal, the following comparisons were made: (1) between ILTs and IFTs in general, (2) ILTs of effective and less effective followers, (3) IFTs of effective and less effective leaders, and (4) ILTs/IFTs and actual effective leader/follower behaviors. The study included both open-ended questions in a survey and a video-based method. ILTs as well as IFTs show large differences compared to empirical (effective) leader and follower behaviors. Results provide support for the idea that people are unable to accurately recall (effective) leader and follower behaviors. The findings have important implications for future research. First, ILTs and IFTs show to a large extent the same types of behaviors, in which relation-oriented attributes and behaviors is represented the most. Second, ILTs and IFTs differ substantially from actual (effective) behaviors. This finding points to the fact that people cannot rely on their implicit theories, because they are not representative of actual effective behaviors of both leaders and followers.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:Business Administration MSc (60644)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/71568
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