University of Twente Student Theses


Een validatieonderzoek van de Nederlandse versies van de Resilience Scale en de Brief Resilience Scale voor reumapatiënten

Finkeldey, I.S. (2017) Een validatieonderzoek van de Nederlandse versies van de Resilience Scale en de Brief Resilience Scale voor reumapatiënten.

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Abstract:Rheumatism is a collection of different chronic diseases which are characterised by pain, stiffness in both joints and muscles, tiredness and limitations in everyday activities. Over 2 million people in the Netherlands suffer from a form of rheumatism. Adapting to a chronic illness is affected by a number of different psychological factors. Among these is resilience. Research shows that having a lot of resilience provides a number of positive effects on a person, such as less depression, a higher sense of wellbeing and a better general mental health. Several questionnaires attempt to measure resilience, among these the Resilience Scale and the Brief Resilience Scale. The goal of this research is to confirm whether or not these questionnaires do measure what they claim to measure. In order to do so, this research analyses the reliability and validity of the Dutch versions of these questionnaires among patients suffering from rheumatism. The 69 participants were patients suffering from rheumatism recruited from the patients forum of the Arthritis Centre Twente. They were approached via post or email with a request to participate in this study. During the study five questionnaires where used to determine the levels of resilience, acceptance, quality of life and positive emotions. The gathered data was then used to calculate the value of Cronbach’s Alpha to investigate the internal consistency, perform a Principal Components Analysis to investigate the structural validity and calculate the correlations between the two resilience questionnaires, acceptance, quality of life and positive emotions to investigate the convergent validity. The results showed that the value of Cronbach’s Alpha of the two resilience questionnaires was high. The Resilience Scale had six factors but the two original factors could not be confirmed. The Brief Resilience Scale had two factors instead of one, because one item was loading on a second factor. This was ignored however, because there was very little difference in the correlations between the whole Brief Resilience Scale and the Brief Resilience Scale without that item and the other used constructs. The correlations fell within expected parameters or turned out to be higher than expected. The results of this study show that the resilience questionnaires are reliable for patients suffering from rheumatism. More research is needed, however, in order to provide more clarity and insight into the structural validity. Convergent validity was good. On the basis of this study, the Brief Resilience Scale would be recommended because the structural validity could be confirmed better.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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