The Bystander Effect: Psychological Consequences for the Victims with focus on the Basic Psychological Needs

Manthey, H. (2017) The Bystander Effect: Psychological Consequences for the Victims with focus on the Basic Psychological Needs.

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Abstract:The bystander effect, as well as the problematic consequences of sexual harassment, are known phenomena, since decades. The consequences for the bystanders have received a lot of attention, the ones for victims are less explored. This research intends to explore possible consequences on the basic psychological needs for the victims of sexual harassment related to the presence and gender of the bystander. It was hypothesised that not only the number but also the gender of the bystanders influenced the psychological consequences for the victim. The participants were female students in The Netherlands between 18 and 29 years. The design consisted of several questionnaires and one out of four vignettes, with the number and the gender of the bystanders as manipulated variables. There was no significant effect of gender or number of bystanders for the basic psychological needs (p> .05), but levels of additionally measured constructs such as bystander blame differed significantly between conditions. The results are discussed and evaluated with literature amongst other constructs related to heroism and Social Identity theory.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/71687
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