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Multi criteria analysis East Route Water Allocation South-North Water Diversion Project China

Ruijmschoot, A. and Legro, I. (2006) Multi criteria analysis East Route Water Allocation South-North Water Diversion Project China.

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Abstract:In November 2002 the Chinese government approved the decision to start construction of the South - North Water Diversion Project which will facilitate the transport of water from the Yangtze River to the arid North China Plain. When all three planned routes (West, Middle, and East) have been finished, the project will have a capacity of 59 billion m3 of water per year. Together with several partners, the China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR) is currently involved in the Sustainable Water Integrated Management of the East Route in the South – North Water Diversion Project (SWIMER). This project aims at determining the optimal water allocation strategy for the East Route Project (ERP). The goal of this study is to produce an independent report containing a rapid assessment in which water-allocation alternatives within the SWIMER-project are compared by means of designing and applying a robust multi-criteria analysis (MCA). This allocation is specifically an allocation among sectors, e.g. industry, agriculture, drinking water, etc. The study area is the ERP area, and more specifically the 21 southern most municipalities of this area which are currently certain to be receiving water in the near future. Due to time constraints and the limited availability of data, the alternatives presented in this study will only divide water within municipalities between the agricultural and industrial sector and will leave the total amount of water per municipality and in other sectors of society constant. The goal of the MCA in this study is to identify a water allocation alternative which ensures a stable continuation of economic growth while paying attention to social issues (e.g. rural-urban migration) as well as environmental issues, which is assumed to be a reasonable representation of the Chinese government’s preference. The MCA technique selected to serve this purpose is the Simple Multi Attribute Rating Technique (SMART), which was chosen for its relative simplicity and transparency as well as its ease of application. The main criteria on which the alternatives are rated are economic, social and environmental.
Item Type:Internship Report (Master)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:56 civil engineering
Programme:Civil Engineering and Management MSc (60026)
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