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Impact of Toll Road Construction to Travel Time, Travel Costs and Job Accessibility Changes in Jakarta - Bandung Region

Berlo, S. van (2017) Impact of Toll Road Construction to Travel Time, Travel Costs and Job Accessibility Changes in Jakarta - Bandung Region.

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Abstract:In the early 2000’s numerous developments have occurred in the area between Jakarta and Bandung, this has led to an urban belt from Jakarta city to Bandung city to arise. In 2005 the construction of the Cipularang toll road was finished and it created a continuously route of toll roads from Jakarta to Bandung. But the exact effects from this toll road are on accessibility are unknown. The objective of this research is to examine the effects from the Cipularang toll road on travel time, generalised travel costs and as a result of these effects how the job accessibility has changed in the Jakarta – Bandung region. This has to be done with limited data. To achieve this objective the following research question is stated: What are the effects of the Cipularang toll road on travel time, generalised travel costs and job accessibility in the Jakarta-Bandung region? After a literature review, it has been determined that in order to answer the research question the average travel time changes, the average generalised travel costs changes and the job accessibility changes need to be calculated. Firstly with help of ArcGIS a road network is created to generate a cost origin-destination matrix. Secondly, two different accessibility measures are used: The contour accessibility measure and the potential accessibility measure. For both these measures the generalised travel costs and the travel times are used as an impedance. For the job accessibility measures with the generalised travel costs as an impedance, there is made a distinction between different income groups. The potential accessibility measures seemed to have a larger effect for districts further away from the toll road then the contour accessibility measures. Based on the results it is concluded that according to the different accessibility measures the Cipularang toll road has the largest effect in the districts in and around the Bandung municipality. The individual districts where the Cipularang toll road has the largest effects on average generalised travel costs, travel time and job accessibility are the Cimahi Tengah, Ketapang, Margahayu, Bojongsoang, Bandung Kidul and Cimahi Selatan districts. For further research it is recommended to collect more data for parameters, the estimation of the impedance functions and for the estimation of the travel flows. This way a better representation of reality will be achieved.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:20 art studies
Programme:Civil Engineering BSc (56952)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/71749
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