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Who benefits from a guided self-help self-compassion training? A randomized controlled trial

Schröter, M. (2017) Who benefits from a guided self-help self-compassion training? A randomized controlled trial.

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Abstract:This study examined the effects of a guided self-help self-compassion training and explored the moderating role of various demographic variables. Participants with a suboptimal level of well-being were recruited from the general Dutch population and randomized to the self-compassion training (n=121) or a waiting-list control group (n=122). Mixed-ANOVAS and moderator analyses were conducted to examine effects and moderators on pre-to post-and follow-up treatment change of self-compassion and self-criticism scores. Participation in the self-compassion training resulted in significantly larger increases in self-compassion and reductions in self-criticism, compared to the waiting-list control group (effect sizes ηp²=.06-.08). Effects were sustained at follow-up. Results of the moderator analyses were inconsistent. Age moderated the effects of the training on self-criticism. Compared to older adults, younger adults reported significantly larger reductions in self-criticism following the training at follow-up. Level of education moderated the effects of the training on self-compassion. Participants without a university degree reported greater increases in self-compassion following the training at post-intervention, compared to participants with a university degree. Findings suggest that the self-compassion training is effective in improving self-compassion and self-criticism in a heterogeneous population. Future studies should include more formal moderator analyses to be better able to tailor the training to subpopulations.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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