Het modererend effect van zelfkritiek op de relatie tussen negatieve dagelijkse ervaringen en de geestelijke gezondheid

Berenbrinker, C.J. (2017) Het modererend effect van zelfkritiek op de relatie tussen negatieve dagelijkse ervaringen en de geestelijke gezondheid.

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Abstract:Objective: Depression is a common psychopathological disorder, which can be caused by several factors. Previous studies made clear that negative life events and self-criticism form vulnerabilities for developing a depression. Although much is known about risk factors of developing a depression, there is little information about vulnerabilities of mental well-being. This study researched whether negative life events are also a risk factor for mental well-being and whether the effect of negative life events on depression and mental well-being changes as an individual is more self-critical. It is hypothesized (1) that negative life events have a negative impact on depression, (2) respectively mental well-being, and (3) that self-criticism has a moderating effect on the association between negative life events and depression, (4) respectively mental well-being. Methods: Participants of this study consisted of 329 people from the general Dutch population. The participants filled in an online survey, consisting of several questionnaires on the amount of self-criticism (FSCRS), mental well-being (MHC-SF), the level of depression (HADS-D) and the experienced negative life events (SRLE) of an individual. Results: The results showed a significant positive correlation between negative life events and depression (r = .57) and a significant negative relation between negative life events and mental well-being (r = -.40). Self-criticism showed a moderating effect on the association between negative life events and the amount of depression (β = .05). Furthermore, it was found that self-criticism does not moderate the association between negative life events and mental well-being (β = -.01). Conclusion: This study showed that the severity of depression is higher and mental well-being is weaker if someone experiences more negative life events. These negative events were found to have a greater influence on the amount of depression when an individual is more self-critical. On mental-well-being, negative life events were found to have no greater influence in self-critical individuals. The study made clear how important it is for people suffering from depression to deal with self-criticism and negative experiences in practice. Key Words: Self-criticism, Negative life events, Depression, Mental well-being, Moderation
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72075
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