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How guilt and social exclusion influence offenders' willingness to participate in victim-offender mediation

Hollink, A.H.W. (2017) How guilt and social exclusion influence offenders' willingness to participate in victim-offender mediation.

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Abstract:The aim of this research was to explore causality between guilt, fear of social exclusion and offenders’ willingness to participate in victim-offender mediation and to explore how these relations can be explained. Because of this, the choice was made to conduct two studies with in Study 1 guilt as independent variable and fear of social exclusion as mediator and in Study 2 fear of social exclusion as independent variable and guilt as mediator. Manipulations were used to let participants feel guilty or experience fear of social exclusion. It turned out that the manipulations of guilt and fear for social exclusion did not work as expected on forehand. Therefore measured feelings of guilt and fear of social exclusion were used in this research instead of the manipulated variables. Analysis showed, as expected, that feelings of guilt and shame are predictors of offenders’ willingness to participate in victim-offender mediation. This effect is explained by fear of social exclusion. It turned out that fear of social exclusion has no direct effect on offenders’ willingness to participate in victim- offender mediation but an indirect effect was found via guilt and shame. Thus, the most important and consistent outcome across the two studies is the fact that naturally occurring variations in feelings of guilt and shame are direct predictors of offenders’ willingness to participate in victim-offender mediation. In addition, fear of social exclusion is not contributing to offenders’ willingness to participate in victim- offender mediation if it is not associated with feelings of guilt or shame.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
1991, Nederland
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72077
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