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Zelfcompassie als sleutel tot geluk, voorbij stress en zelfkritiek : een gerandomiseerde, gecontroleerde studie naar de effecten van een begeleide zelfhulpinterventie ‘Compassie als sleutel tot geluk, voorbij stress en zelfkritiek’ gebaseerd op de Compassion Focused Therapy

Nguyen, Thuy (2017) Zelfcompassie als sleutel tot geluk, voorbij stress en zelfkritiek : een gerandomiseerde, gecontroleerde studie naar de effecten van een begeleide zelfhulpinterventie ‘Compassie als sleutel tot geluk, voorbij stress en zelfkritiek’ gebaseerd op de Compassion Focused Therapy.

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Abstract:Background: This study explored the self-help intervention ‘Compassie als sleutel tot geluk, voorbij stress en zelfkritiek’, which was for people who want to improve their well-being, compassion for others and self-compassion. The intervention is based on the Compassion Focused Therapy model. Participants had a low or medium level of psychopathology and a low or medium level of well-being. An improvement of self-compassion was thought to have beneficial effects on the complete mental state of health. Methods: This study used a randomized controlled trial (RCT). A sample of 213 participants was divided into two groups: N = 107 participants were assigned to the intervention condition and a total of N = 106 were assigned to the waiting list control condition. Participants in the intervention group received email support. The investigated variables were well-being, measured by the MHC-SF, self-compassion measured by the SCS-SF and psychopathology measured by the HADS. This study used repeated measures anova to study the effects of the intervention on well-being and psychopathology compared to the waiting list control condition. It also used regression analyses with the bootrapping method of Preacher and Hayes (2004) to check the mediation effect of self-compassion. Results: The findings were in line with the established hypotheses. It was found a significant effect of the intervention on well-being and psychopathology. People in the intervention condition experience a significant higher level of well-being and a lower level of psychopathology compared to the waiting list control group. We also found a mediation effect of self-compassion on well-being and on psychopathology. Conclusion: This study has shown that the self-help intervention ‘Compassie als sleutel tot geluk, voorbij stress en zelfkritiek’ which aimed to enhance compassion seems to be a suitable method for the promotion of mental health for a group of high educated, Dutch females between the age 20 to 78. This study has demonstrated that the intervention leads to an improved well-being and a reduction of psychopathology. Further it has shown that self-compassion is important in promoting the complete mental state of health.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
Unknown organization, Nederland
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72085
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