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The underlying processes of Cross Race Facial Recognition : social motivation versus perceptual expertise.

Brouwershaven, E.J. van (2017) The underlying processes of Cross Race Facial Recognition : social motivation versus perceptual expertise.

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Abstract:This research was conducted to examine which processes underlie the mistakes individuals make when it comes to Cross Race Facial Recognition. Individuals tend to have better recognition for same race faces than other race faces, an effect called the Cross Race Effect. The two processes that were examined were social motivation and perceptual expertise. Social motivation was manipulated by means of social exclusion. Perceptual expertise was manipulated by means of a question about what emotion the participants saw in the faces during a confrontation. It was expected that individuals who are socially excluded have a higher need to belong in general, the results support this assumption. For perceptual expertise, it was expected that individuals who focus on emotion in encoding a face are better at recognizing other race-faces afterwards than individual who do not focus on emotion. Instead, the opposite happened; individuals who focus on emotion were better at recognizing same race faces than individuals who do not focus on emotion. Results suggest that people who focus on emotion have lower false alarm rates only for other race faces. This research is a good starting point for future research about the processes that could explain the Cross Race Effect.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology, 86 law
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72219
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