University of Twente Student Theses


Fatigue and how it is related to goal-management strategies and the vision-related quality of life in visually impaired people

Jöster, H.F. (2017) Fatigue and how it is related to goal-management strategies and the vision-related quality of life in visually impaired people.

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Abstract:In the Netherlands, about 300.000 people have a visual impairment and this number is expected to increase until 2020 (Epidemiologie van visuele beperkingen en een demografische verkenning - Verslagen – ZonMw, 2017). A common symptom that is experienced by visually impaired people is fatigue and despite this, there is scarcely knowledge regarding fatigue among this population group (Bruijning, 2013). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the roles of goal-management strategies and the vision-related quality of life for fatigue severity and fatigue impact among 247 visually impaired people from the Netherlands. The people were asked to fill in several questionnaires. For this cross-sectional study, the data of the Fatigue Adjustment Scale (FAS), the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS), the Flexible Goal Adjustment Scale and the Low Vision Quality of Life questionnaire were analysed with correlational - and four hierarchical regression analyses. The results showed that the goal adjustment strategy played a significant role in the severity of fatigue as well as in the impact of fatigue. People who adjusted their goals experienced less severe fatigue and less impact of fatigue on their daily life. In contrast, a high usage of the goal disengagement strategy was not inevitably related to less severe fatigue respectively usage of the goal reengagement strategy to less impact of fatigue on daily life. These results are in concordance with past literature for people with RA from Arends, Bode, Van de Laar and Taal (2013). Nevertheless, the study from Boerner and Wang (2012) stressed that also the usage of goal disengagement and goal reengagement strategies led to better mental health for visually impaired people. Therefore, future research should try to explore the goal dis – and goal reengagement variables further by using for example another instrument for measuring these strategies. Low-vision related quality of life was related to more severe fatigue as well as to more impact of fatigue. However, it has to be mentioned that the relations and the explained variances were low in general and therefore it is recommended to conduct a longitudinal study with more variables that could explain fatigue in visually impaired people like for instance physical activity.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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