The Mediating Effect of Eustress and Distress on the Relation between the Mindset towards Stress and Health

Marten, F. (2017) The Mediating Effect of Eustress and Distress on the Relation between the Mindset towards Stress and Health.

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Abstract:This study examined the effect of eustress and distress on the relation between the mindset towards stress and health. It was hypothesized that a stress-is-enhancing mindset is associated with better health and this association can be explained though eustress and a stress-is-debilitating mindset is associated with worse health, which can be explained through distress. In a descriptive, cross-sectional study (N = 59), participants had to fill in three questionnaires regarding their mindset towards stress, the perception of stress, thus whether they experienced eustress and distress, and their general health. To analyze the associations, the MEDIATE File of Preacher and Hayes was implemented. To circumvent the power problem, the bootstrap sample was increased to 50,000. In sum, the findings supported the two hypotheses. The effect a stress-is-enhancing mindset had on health was mediated by eustress and the effect a stress-is-debilitating mindset had on health was mediated by distress. Thus the perception of stress was the main indicator of whether the mindset had a positive or negative relation with health. If the mindset resulted in eustress, it was associated with better health and if the mindset resulted in distress, it was associated with worse health.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72588
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