University of Twente Student Theses

Login

The bystander effect from the other side : the psychological effects of passive bystanders and apologizing on the victim’s outcomes of a victimization experience

Huxoll, M. S. (2017) The bystander effect from the other side : the psychological effects of passive bystanders and apologizing on the victim’s outcomes of a victimization experience.

[img]
Preview
PDF
507kB
Abstract:Although the bystander effect and has been subject to extensive research, the victim’s perspective has been neglected until now. This study aimed to extend previous research focusing on the psychological consequences the victim experiences in a bystander victimization situation. Moreover the alleviating effects of an apology offered by the perpetrator were examined and additionally explorative research on a moderating effect of Locus of Control was conducted. Applying a 2x2 experimental setup (bystanders vs. no bystanders and apology vs. no apology) with 122 participants between the age of 18 and 58, who were placed in a mild victimization situation, the effects of passive bystanders on blame-attribution, need satisfaction, safety perceptions and affect were assessed. The results revealed that bystander presence and the offer of an apology have an effect on blame-attribution, safety perceptions and need satisfaction. While bystander presence results in lowered self-blame, heightened perpetrator-blame and lowered safety perceptions, the offer of an apology resulted in higher need violation. The additional moderating effect of LOC was only found for self-blame. It seems as if Bystander Presence, Apology Condition and LOC exert a joint influence on the degree of self-blame the victim experiences.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Clients:
Unknown organization, Deutschland
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72614
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page