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The effect of bystanders and social value orientation on deception and power affordances

Uiterwijk Winkel, W. H. (2017) The effect of bystanders and social value orientation on deception and power affordances.

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Abstract:This study aims to shine light on the factors that motivate people to lie either for personal gain or charity. Furthermore it will assess the influence of deception in the presence of others on perceived power affordances among potential perpetrators. Participants were given the option to lie for personal gain or charity during a lab experiment. In total 119 participants completed a practical task and surveys regarding social value orientation and power affordances. 15 images containing errors were presented to participants. Money could be earned based on their score. Additional money could be earned from a score of at least 8. During the task, de participant was left alone, afterwards the researcher would ask if he scored high enough for additional money. The game was played with bystanders and without bystanders. There was no significant effect of the presence of bystanders and social value orientation on lying behavior. An interaction effect of the opportunity to lie and the presence or absence of bystanders was found on perceived power among participants. More power was experienced when given the opportunity to lie for personal gain in the presence of bystander. Only 9 out of 119 participants lied.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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