De invloed van passieve omstanders op de fundamentele behoeften, schuldattributie en veiligheidsperceptie van het slachtoffer en het effect van excuses

Masselink, L.A.A. (2017) De invloed van passieve omstanders op de fundamentele behoeften, schuldattributie en veiligheidsperceptie van het slachtoffer en het effect van excuses.

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Abstract:Much research has been done on the behaviour and cognitions of bystanders in the bystander effect. However, less is known about the effects on the victims of the bystander effect. Therefore, this study examines the consequences for someone who gets insulted for no good reason with or without the presence of three passive bystanders and with or without receiving an apology from the perpetrator. Specifically, the effects of bystander presence and apologies on the four fundamental needs, safety perception and blame attributions are examined. Besides, the influence of self-judgment on these effects has been examined. In the current research, participants had to perform an impossible task together with a fellow participant, which was actually one of the researchers. As they failed, they received an insult from their ‘fellow participant’. Results indicated that the presence of bystanders led to a lower safety perception and less self-blame, but to higher levels of perpetrator and bystander blame allocated by the victim. Apologizing caused that the four fundamental human needs were more threatened, especially the need to belong. Self-judgment turned out to be a predictor for the four fundamental needs; the higher the level of self-judgment of a victim the more the fundamental needs were threatened. Although these results contributed to a better view on the consequences for victims of the bystander effect, yet a complete picture is out of question. For this reason, it seems useful to examine the effects on the victim of the bystander effect further in the future.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72644
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