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A comparison of nested and cross-cutting common ingroup identities and the role of ingroup projection, distinctiveness and intergroup threat on outgroup attitudes

Aksoy, Merve (2017) A comparison of nested and cross-cutting common ingroup identities and the role of ingroup projection, distinctiveness and intergroup threat on outgroup attitudes.

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Abstract:Background: Many studies testing the Common Ingroup Identity Model and the Ingroup Projection Model led to opposite conclusions concerning the impact of common ingroup identities (CIIs) on outgroup attitudes. However, these studies did not manipulate the type of CII and did not make a differentiation between nested and cross-cutting CIIs. Objective: This study aimed to compare the influence of nested and cross-cutting CIIs on outgroup attitudes. Additionally, the mediators - ingroup projection, distinctiveness threat and intergroup threat - explaining the relationship between CIIs and outgroup attitudes were examined. Thereby, it was hypothesised that cross-cutting CIIs would have a more positive influence on outgroup attitudes than nested CIIs. Method: An online experiment, manipulating the type of CII and measuring both outgroup attitudes and the three above-mentioned underlying processes, was conducted among 307 participants. Results: Results revealed no significant differences between nested and cross-cutting CIIs and their effect on outgroup attitudes. However, contrary to expectations, participants in the cross-cutting CII condition yielded more ingroup projection than in the nested CII condition. Conclusion: Nevertheless, the current study provides a first basic step of important research in the area of nested and cross-cutting CIIs. Future research should include a control condition and should ensure both a higher identification with subgroups and conflicts between subgroups, in order to learn more about the underlying processes through which a CII improves outgroup attitudes.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72719
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