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Leadership roles, behaviors and styles for self-managed teams in the healthcare sector : a systematic literature review

Mestrovic, G.K. (2017) Leadership roles, behaviors and styles for self-managed teams in the healthcare sector : a systematic literature review.

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Abstract:Purpose: Due to increased competition and a higher demanding environment within the healthcare sector, more organizations start to implement autonomous teams. However, many of them struggle to carry out the transition successfully because of poorly designed implementation processes as well as inefficient consideration of team/organizational conditions. This study seeks to identify well suited leadership roles, behaviors and styles for self-managed teams in the healthcare sector. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected by the conduction of a systematic literature review and thereafter the final data set – consisting out of 21 articles – has been analyzed in a content analysis and subsequently coded into manageable themes. Findings: The results demonstrated a four-stage process – Initiation, Adoption & Adaptation, Use, and Incorporation – which showed the gradual transition from teams still led by an external force to self-managed teams entirely dependent on themselves. A transition figure – depicting four required roles: initiator, coach, supporter, and internal leader – as well as a matrix – presenting the research results: were developed. Theoretical and managerial implications – The paper makes contributions to how an organization can efficiently implement self-managed teams, to which aspects management needs to pay attention to and how obstacles can be solved or even avoided. Research limitations/implications – Limitations arose due to timely and linguistic restrictions which resulted in the need to limit the number of articles analyzed. More research needs to be conducted concerning cultural and educational differences, required training programs, and the model’s applicability in different healthcare entities.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:International Business Administration BSc (50952)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72743
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