University of Twente Student Theses


Can wellbeing be predicted by resilience, positive emotions, acceptance and valued living among patients with rheumatism?

Klostermann, M. (2017) Can wellbeing be predicted by resilience, positive emotions, acceptance and valued living among patients with rheumatism?

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Abstract:Patients suffering from chronic diseases like rheumatism do not only have to cope with restrictions of motion and other physical strains, but also with the psychological effects of the disease. Rheumatic patients often experience more anxiety, negative emotions and depression than the general population, limiting their quality of life. Therefore, it was important to explore the determinants of wellbeing and predictors of flourishing versus non flourishing patients. This study made use from data of a questionnaire survey conducted in 2015 with 69 participants. The survey consisted of five questionnaires: Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) measuring wellbeing, the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) assessing resilience, the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) measuring positive emotions, the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire II (AAQ II) assessing acceptance, and the Engaged Living Scale (ELS) measuring valued living. A moderate to high correlation was found between resilience, positive emotions, acceptance, valued living and overall wellbeing. Valued living and positive emotions were significant unique predictors of wellbeing with positive emotions as strongest predictor. However, no study variable could make a significant contribution in predicting flourishing patients. Because of a moderate to high relation between positive emotions, valued living, resilience as well as acceptance and overall wellbeing, all variables appeared to influence wellbeing positively. However, only valued living and positive emotions as the unique predictors of wellbeing contributed to the quality of life of the patient. As no study variable could predict flourishing patients significantly, there might be other variables which are more proper predicting flourishing patients. The insights of this study can help future researchers to find the factors leading to wellbeing in rheumatic patients. With these insights, an intervention can be constructed and implemented to promote wellbeing in patients with rheumatism.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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