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Determinants of existential anxiety : the effects of religious affiliation, gender and neuroticism on death anxiety

Klein, S.V.E (2017) Determinants of existential anxiety : the effects of religious affiliation, gender and neuroticism on death anxiety.

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Abstract:Death anxiety is a universal phenomenon, but high levels of death anxiety can have negative influence on people’s life. The aim of this dissertation was to explore the effects of religion, neuroticism and gender on death anxiety in a cross-sectional sample from the general Dutch population. 389 respondents filled in an online survey with different questionnaires (ECQ, DAP-R and IPIP) concerning these four variables mentioned above. Results showed that there is a strong positive relationship between neuroticism and death anxiety (r= .498). Furthermore it was found that neurotic women perceived more death anxiety than men, therefore an interaction effect between gender and neuroticism concerning death anxiety was found as well (p= 0.046). Additionally, a tendency that religion might act as an anxiety buffer against the relationship of neuroticism and death anxiety was examined. Finally, gender acted as a moderator on the relationship between neuroticism and death anxiety, which means that neurotic women suffered scored higher on death anxiety than men. During the analysis it came forward that neuroticism and gender seem to be stable determinants of death anxiety over time, while religion is an unstable one. All in all, neuroticism and gender are both statistically correlated with death anxiety, while religion might act as an anxiety buffer.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72762
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