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De effecten van compassie interventies op depressie, angst en welbevinden : een systematische review

Möllers, Julian (2017) De effecten van compassie interventies op depressie, angst en welbevinden : een systematische review.

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Abstract:Aim: In the past years, a positive trend in the development of compassion based therapies, for people with mental illnesses, took place. In this systematic review were studies included which are compassion-based, to look at its effects on well-being, depression, and anxiety. Whereas previous reviews focused primarily on the effects of compassion-based intervention on psychopathology, this review also summarizes the effects on well-being. Method: For suitable studies were searched in three databases (Scopus, PsycINFO and PubMed). The systematic review was reported in line with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement. In this systematic review, only randomized controlled trials (RCT´-s), investigating the effectiveness of an intervntion in which compassion plays a central role, have been used. The methodological quality of the studies was judged using seven different criteria. All included studies assessed a compassion-based intervention with regard to its effectiveness on at least one of the previously named outcomes measures (well-being, depression en/of anxiety). Results: In total, ten studies were included in this systematic rewiev. The results showed that seven interventies had a effect on well-being, six on depression and two on anxiety in comparison to the control group. The most studies was of medium quality, only one of low and two of high quality. Discussion: The results suggest positive effects of compassion-based interventions on, well-being, and depression. The effect on anxiety were ambiguous, ranging from having no effects to having large effects. Still, differences of the effect directly after the intervention and at the point of follow-up’s are present: the follow-up´ still showed larger effects on well-being and compassion than on depression and anxiety. Based on these findings, it seems that compassion based interventions not only reduce depression and anxiety, but also improve well-being. In future research, researches should take account with the number of people, they include in their studies and to do follow-up´s to see, which long-term effects the intvervention had.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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