University of Twente Student Theses


Developing a stimulating environment in a residence facility for dementia patients

Tol, K.M. van (2017) Developing a stimulating environment in a residence facility for dementia patients.

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Abstract:A rapidly increasing number of people in the Netherlands is suffering from dementia. In 2013, approximately 50.000 of these people were living in a nursing home. This bachelor assignment will try to fulfil the needs of residents and caregivers in one of those nursing homes, namely Bruggerbosch, Enschede. The goal is to develop an installation that attracts residents, engages them into an interaction, and entertains them. With support and supervision from the University of Twente, Roessingh Research and Development, and Bruggerbosch, a research, design, and development process led to an installation prototype that meets this goal. Subsequently, the technology of, as well as the user interaction with and reaction to this installation prototype are evaluated, and future recommendations are given. Literature research on dementia, wandering behaviour, stimulation approaches, design guidelines, and the state of the art provided a complete view of existing studies that could help to achieve the goal. Along with expert interviews, observations, and a stakeholder analysis, this research provided a solid foundation for the formulation of a requirement list. Based on this requirement list, an ideation process is conducted. Using several approaches, ideas are devised, and their feasibility was tested. Finally, one of the ideas is defined more specifically and realized. The developed system can be described as an interactive installation, providing the residents of the facility with opportunities for interaction. The applied approaches can stimulate and engage the residents by providing content for reminiscing, social contact, body movement and singing opportunities. Key elements for designing a stimulating environment for people with dementia applied in this installation are identified. During a user evaluation, these elements showed to be effective in this application. Firstly, the environment, content and items used for interaction should be familiar to the residents. Secondly, the interaction should utilize the intuition of the user. Furthermore, multimedia stimulation can provide the people with dementia with interesting content for reminiscing, social stimulation, and promoting dancing and singing. Adding to this, multisensory stimulation is recommended to create a consistent and impactful experience. Lastly, it is recommended to involve the end users in the design process to develop a solution that will meet their needs.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Roessing Research and Desgin, Enschede, Netherlands
Liberein Bruggerbosch, Enschede, Netherlands
Faculty:EEMCS: Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science
Subject:54 computer science, 77 psychology
Programme:Creative Technology BSc (50447)
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