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EU Readmission Cooperation with Sub-Saharan African Third States: Multilateralism or Imposition?

Arfsten, Antonia (2017) EU Readmission Cooperation with Sub-Saharan African Third States: Multilateralism or Imposition?

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Abstract:Since 2015, the European Union has intensified its cooperation with Sub-Saharan African third states for the purpose of stemming the flow of irregular migrants to Europe. The EU hence emphasises migration cooperation agreements like readmission agreements and mobility partnerships. This paper set out to elaborate the trade-off between a unilateral European attempt to externalise its migration policy and a multilateral migration management mutually benefitting the countries of origin as well as of destination. Based on a qualitative document analysis of the contents of different type of agreements, it turned out that mobility partnerships do offer more added values for third states, but not to an extent that they can be regarded fairly multilateral. The general concept of European readmission agreements and mobility partnerships cannot be considered mutually beneficial due to an evident power imbalance during the negotiation. But considering the experiences of Cape Verde and Senegal, it became obvious that the third country’s decision to cooperate is to a much lesser extent related to the perceived power constellation between the EU and the respective TC. Instead, it is rather determined by the resonance with national policy objectives. The third country’s subjective perception whether a balance of benefits was achieved is decisive for the negotiation outcome.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:86 law, 88 social and public administration, 89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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