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The role of experiential avoidance for the quality of life in a sample of patients with diverse personality disorders

Bohr-Feld, Charlotte (2017) The role of experiential avoidance for the quality of life in a sample of patients with diverse personality disorders.

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Abstract:Introduction. The Quality of Life (QOL) a person experiences can be influenced by many variables, two of them being Experiential Avoidance (EA) and having a personality disorder (PD). The present study examines how the QOL is influenced by EA in a sample of people with diverse PDs. Method. Using a non-experimental, cross-sectional design, it was assessed whether EA is equally present in subjects with Bipolar personality disorder (BPD) as in subjects with other personality disorders. Furthermore it was tested whether all domains of the QOL (psychological health, physical health, social relationships and environment) are negatively influenced by EA and whether there are differences between BPD and other PD subjects. Sample: people diagnosed with a personality disorder (N = 502); Measurements: SCID-II, AAQ-II, WHOQOL-BREF. Analysis: t-test for independent groups; moderation analysis Results. The t-test showed that EA is higher in people with BPD than in people with other PDs (t(299) = 2.14, p = 0.03). As the AAQ-II tested for acceptance all QOL domains showed a significant, positive correlation with EA (Psychological health: β = 1.41, p = 0.00; Physical health: β = 0.95, p = 0.00; Social relationships: β = 0.65, p = 0.03; Environment: β = 0.64, p = 0.00). An interaction was found within psychological health (F = -2.67, p = 0.01), where EA had more influence on the psychological health in people with BPD. Discussion. The present study showed that EA is influential on the QOL in more PDs than BPD and can be seen as a transdiagnostic process for PDs. Even though EA plays a more central role in BPD it should be addressed in therapies for other PDs as well.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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