An experimental study on the association between bystanders, motivation and deceptive behavior

Helmus, A. (2017) An experimental study on the association between bystanders, motivation and deceptive behavior.

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Abstract:In this study, we investigated the association between bystanders and deceptive behavior in addition to motivation and underlying personality traits. We conducted an experiment with a 2x2 design, in which participants could lie about the score of a task, whereupon the amount of money they could gain was dependent. They could either earn money for themselves or for a good cause, in the presence or absence of bystanders. Prior to the task personality traits have been measured. We postulated that: People are less likely to lie about their score when bystanders are present, than when they are absent(H1). People in the bystander condition are more likely to lie if they are motivated in terms of benefitting others through lying, than for their own enrichment (H2). People who score low on the personality facets Greed Avoidance and Modesty, are more likely to lie if they get motivated to lie for themselves (vs. for others), than people who score high on these subscales (H3). Additionally, we investigated the differences in bystanders and type of motivation for experienced shame, guilt and the performance on the visual cue search task. The results were not statistically significant, which kept us from drawing an accurate conclusion.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/73132
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