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Perceived Job Aspects and Outcomes Related to Eustress in the Working Population

Fleige, M. (2017) Perceived Job Aspects and Outcomes Related to Eustress in the Working Population.

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Abstract:In the last decades, the negative response to stress, so-called distress, became a well-known topic in clinical research, but less often deliberated is the positive response to stress, named eustress. As positive psychology focuses on enhancing positive work qualities, eustress and related job aspects are of special interest. While theory and quantitative research already suggested promising effects on health and well-being, the subjective experience of eustress is relatively unexplored. Therefore, the validation of theoretical knowledge and a more complex understanding of the phenomena of eustress, its emergence and outcomes perceived by employees is needed. Grounded in the Job-Demands-Resources Model, this study intended gaining more insight in job demands and job resources employees perceive in relation to eustress as well as perceived outcomes. A qualitative exploratory research with diverse employees in the form of interviews was conducted, which were inductively and deductively analyzed, combing a conventional and directed content analysis. Results yielded job resources as appreciation of client, accomplishment and having influence or responsibility and job demands as a high workload and a rigorous planning associated with eustress. Job resources seemed to be more often related to eustress and its positive outcomes than job demands. Employees associated eustress with positive emotional, mental, physical and behavioral outcomes, which are expected to have positive long-term effects on health and well-being and probably functioning as indicators to measure eustress. These findings provide a good starting point for further research and practical interventions to improve job qualities, but also developing an instrument making eustress measurable. Keywords: eustress; work stress; outcomes and effects
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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