University of Twente Student Theses


The Role of Goal Orientation in Enhancing Adaptability by Using Serious Gaming

Boer, P.S. de (2017) The Role of Goal Orientation in Enhancing Adaptability by Using Serious Gaming.

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Abstract:This study examined whether goal orientation can predict one’s adaptability and cognitive flexibility – a constituent of adaptability. Furthermore, it was examined whether the effects of adaptability training could be predicted by one’s goal orientation. In this training, adaptability was addressed by using the cognitive flexibility as constituent. Studying these relations was important because today’s work environments require individuals to become more adaptive in performing their tasks, as fast advancing technology has increased the complexity of the environments and puts great demand on individuals. Despite of this need of adaptability, relations between constructs were still unclear and empirical evidence on training adaptability was lacking. The study was part of a larger study using an experimental between-subjects design. Data was analyzed from 81 participants assigned to the experimental (n=41) or control condition (n=40) playing a serious game. This game consisted of three scenarios containing rich narratives for ill-structured complex decision making. During the game-play, participants were guided by learning guidance consisting of reflective questions and prioritization assignments. The game-play was divided into two parts, being five to fourteen days apart. Furthermore, questionnaires were used to assess multiple concepts, including that of goal orientation, adaptability, and cognitive flexibility. Besides this self-assessment, cognitive flexibility was assessed by multiple cognitive tasks (IGT, WCST, and modified Balloon Task). Results were promising as cognitive flexibility and adaptability were predicted by mastery orientation, and that mastery orientation could be used as a predictor for all the adaptability dimensions except for physical adaptability. However, no correlation was found between goal orientation and the effect of adaptability training – addressing the constituent of cognitive flexibility. Therefore, self-assessed adaptability could be predicted by one’s goal orientation, but performance on adaptability training could not. Implications for theory, limitations, and future directions are further discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
TNO, Soesterberg, Netherlands
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology, 81 education, teaching
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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