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Het ontwerp van een Waterbron voor het Nationaal Monument MH17

Rhijn, F.E.C. van (2017) Het ontwerp van een Waterbron voor het Nationaal Monument MH17.

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Abstract:Topic: Designing a water source where visitors of the National Monument MH17 can collect fresh water for watering flowers and trees. This assignment was commissioned to me by Robbert de Koning, landschapsarchitect BNT, who was commissioned by the Stichting Nationaal Monument MH17 to design a monument in commemoration of the 298 victims of flight MH17 that crashed in the Ukraine in 2014. The monument has been erected in a public park at Vijfhuizen near Schiphol Airport (figure 1). It is partly a living monument, consisting of a loop of 298 trees situated on a little height. Within the loop are an amphitheater and a memorial (a sculpture made of concrete, stainless steel and weathering steel). The monument wants to keep the memory of the victims alive and offer a place for sorrow and comfort. Many visitors want to leave flowers behind at the tree of their beloved. I was asked to design an appropriate water source for them to gather fresh water. The main research question was: What does the design of a water source for the National Monument MH17 look like?Approach: A vision and a program of requirements for the design were drawn up. The most important demands for this water source (De Waterbron) were that it had to be user friendly for people of all ages, that its design and materials had to fit in with the lines and atmosphere of the monument and that it should not distract attention from the memorial sculpture. Furthermore it should be made clear that the provided water is no tap water. Also important is the fact that the water source should be sustainable (almost no water spilling, no maintenance). After this a diversity of solutions was investigated, taking into account the symbolic meanings of water and the possibilities of the materials that had to be used. The ideas were checked with the main stakeholders, the vision and program of requirements. Results:The best ideas led to several concepts that were checked for feasibility. Finally the design of a minimalistic water point was chosen. It consists of a rectangular stainless steel open water tank with a length of almost 4 meters and a width of 40 centimeter that aligns well with the existing lines in the monument. Above it, as a more organic element, are two half bows of weathering steel. One at an easy reachable height holds the tap and the other, below the first one, presents a plateau to put a vase on. Water can be collected via the tap (figure 3) or directly scooped from the tank. The Waterbron will be located in the immediate environment of the entrance/exit of the monument. It will be easy to reach via the path along which it is situated. The Waterbron will fit in the environment of the monument because the design uses the slope of the terrain and follows the lines of the paths. Furthermore the Waterbron is made of the same materials as the monument. The Waterbron hardly requires maintenance and water wastage is minimized. In winter it will be closed down. As an extra, dogs can drink from it. Conclusions and recommendations: The research question is answered by the above-mentioned process that resulted in the design of the Waterbron. It takes into account the previously drafted program of requirements and vision. It is sustainable, ergonomically sound and fits well with the partly straight and partly organic forms of the monument. Because it has a mirroring surface, it reflects the ongoing changes in the trees of the monument, thereby emphasizing the monuments concepts. The main stakeholders gave positive feedback about the design. They especially liked its minimalistic appearance. There is somewhat of a conflict of interests, as the families of the victims would like vases being supplied at the Waterbron, whereas the Stichting does not find this feasible. Extra fund raising is needed to realize the construction of the Waterbron. To ensure this design stands a better chance of being realized, a budget option has been made. In this option, there is no tap; the water will be supplied to the tank via a floater system. Visitors will have to stoop in order to collect water. In conclusion the Waterbron meets the requirements of the ultimate goal of designing an appropriate and realizable water source for the National Monument MH17.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:20 art studies
Programme:Industrial Design BSc (56955)
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